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Table 3 Redox biomarkers in the kidney (mean ± SD)

From: Effect of crocin on antioxidant gene expression, fibrinolytic parameters, redox status and blood biochemistry in nicotinamide-streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

  C Cr20 Cr50 D DCr20 DCr50
H2O2 decomposing activity (U mg−1 protein) 637.9 ± 180.7a 472.7 ± 122.9 285.07 ± 45.5bd 231.7 ± 65.7b 356.5 ± 109.6 cd 308.3 ± 105.3
SOD (U mg−1 protein) 71.72 ± 15.7ac 57.54 ± 15.6bc 50.58 ± 19.03bc 84.7 ± 17.2a 59.5 ± 15.8ab 55.17 ± 13.19bc
GSH (μmol mg−1 protein) 0.059 ± 0.016a 0.045 ± 0.009a 0.047 ± 0.029a 0.082 ± 0.05a 0.059 ± 0.01a 0.076 ± 0.023a
Protein carbonyls (nmol mg−1 protein) 3.89 ± 0.48a 4.31 ± 0.88a 4.33 ± 1.77a 5.57 ± 1.53a 5.45 ± 1.67a 5.89 ± 1.38a
TΑC (mmol DPPH mg−1 protein) 0.171 ± 0.044a 0.121 ± 0.031a 0.143 ± 0.045a 0.229 ± 0.036b 0.175 ± 0.047a 0.183 ± 0.05a
  1. Different superscripts in the same row represent statistically significant differences (p < 0.05)